There are a variety of risk factors for head and neck cancers. Age and lifestyle, such as alcohol and tobacco use, are the most important. However, risk factors can vary, depending on the type of cancer.
Warning signs usually depend on the location of the cancer. Signs can include a sore on the lip or in the mouth that won't go away, a lump on the lip or in the mouth, difficulty or pain with swallowing or chewing and change in voice or hoarseness.
Reconstruction may be a part of the treatment plan and your physician will discuss treatment options with you before the surgery takes place.