Physical therapists provide services to patients/clients who have impairments, functional limitations, disabilities, or changes in physical function and health status resulting from injury, disease or other causes. Impairment is defined as loss or abnormality of anatomical, physiological, mental or psychological structure or function; functional limitation is defined as restriction of the ability to perform, at the level of the whole person, a physical action, task, or activity in an efficient, typically expected, or competent manner; and disability is defined as the inability to perform or a limitation in the performance of actions, tasks, and activities usually expected in specific social roles that are customary for the individual or expected for the person's status or role in a specific sociocultural context and physical environment.
Rehabilitation services include physical and occupational therapy (see scope of Inpatient Occupational Therapy Services). Physical therapy services include evaluations/reevaluations and treatments for inpatients and outpatients referred by a physician with a written order to provide services (specifically to evaluate/assess and treat). Other physical therapy services include education/training of staff, family, and caregivers, participation on interdisciplinary teams, discharge recommendations and planning, procurement of needed durable medical equipment, and liaison activities with community agencies and other healthcare providers. Specific programs/pathways/protocols have been developed for a number of procedures, diagnostic categories, and equipment.
Services are provided by licensed physical therapists(PTs) and licensed physical therapist assistants (PTAs). Techs work under the direct supervision of PTs. PTAs may supervise one tech at a time when more than on individual is required to ensure the safety and welfare of the patient. Therapists and assistants are qualified by virtue of their state licensure, academic and practical training, and regular verification of their competency skills to perform their duties.
Patients of any age are served. They are referred with conditions including but not limited to the following: musculoskeletal disorders, neuromuscular disorders, orthopedic disorders/fractures, integumentary conditions, neurological disorders, inflammatory disorders, acute/chronic pain, weakness/deconditioning, trauma, peripheral vascular insufficiency, wounds/burns, high risk pregnancies, prematurity, and cancer. Evaluation and treatment are individualized, based on age-related needs.
Program participation includes the following:
- Rehabilitation program for patients having joint replacement surgery, including pre-op class.
- Rehabilitation program for patients having spinal surgery, including pre-op class.
- Stroke Team
- ACE (Acute Care for the Elderly) Program
- High Risk Pregnancy Program