Reference Index - Disease & Conditions

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Digestive system
Digestive system


Stress gastritis

Definition:

Stress gastritis is swelling (inflammation) and weakening of the stomach lining.



Alternative Names:

Stress ulcer



Causes, incidence, and risk factors:

Stress gastritis may occur after:

  • Burns
  • Severe illness
  • Shock
  • Trauma

The risk of stress gastritis and ulcers is highest in patients who are using a breathing machine in an intensive care unit.



Symptoms:



Signs and tests:

If the stress gastritis is severe, it may cause ulcers and bleeding.

Unlike the typical peptic ulcer , stress ulcers may first be recognized by gastrointestinal bleeding that causes you to vomit blood or pass dark blood in the stool.



Treatment:

Your doctor can best decide whether you need medicines to treat stress gastritis.



Support Groups:



Expectations (prognosis):



Complications:



Calling your health care provider:



Prevention:

Patients usually get medicines to avoid stress gastritis if they are receiving mechanical ventilation in an intensive care unit, or if they have bleeding disorders.



References:

Malagelada JR, Kuipers EJ, Blaser MJ. Acid peptic disease: clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007: chap 142.




Review Date: 10/13/2008
Reviewed By: David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine; and George F. Longstreth, MD, Department of Gastroenterology, Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program, San Diego, California. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

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