GYN Oncology FAQ

What are possible warning signs of cervical cancer?

Precancer and cancer of the cervix often have no symptoms; however, some of the warning signs include:

  • Abnormal bleeding
  • Spotting or discharge
  • Bleeding after intercourse
  • Signs of advanced cancer include pain, problems urinating, and swollen legs

How is cervical cancer treated?

Precancers can be removed with a LEEP biopsy (loop electrosurgical excision procedure), which uses an electrified loop of wire to remove cells, cryotherapy (which freezes the cells), laser therapy (which vaporizes the cells), or a cone biopsy (in which a cone shaped wedge is removed from the cervix.

Cervical cancer may also require a radical hysterectomy and radiation with or without chemotherapy.

What is ovarian cancer?

There are three types of ovarian cancer:

  • Epithelial is the most common form of ovarian cancer (85% to 90% are this type); these cancers derive from cells that cover the surface of the ovaries
  • Germ cell tumors form on the cells in the ovary that develop into eggs
  • Sex cord-stromal tumors occur in the connective tissue inside the ovary

How is ovarian cancer treated?

Surgery is used to remove the cancer, often followed by chemotherapy or radiation. Women whose cancer is treated before it has spread have a 90% chance of living five years or more after treatment.

What is uterine cancer?

There are two types of uterine cancer:

  • Endometrial the more common form of uterine cancer; it occurs when the lining of the uterus becomes too thick
  • Sarcomas tumors that form from muscle or other tissue; it is more aggressive than endometrial cancer and has different clinical characteristics and management 

What are the warning signs of possible uterine cancer?

  • Unusual vaginal bleeding
  • Spotting or discharge
  • Heavy menstruation
  • Postmenopausal bleeding, spotting or discharge
  • Symptoms that come and go
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